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Why Material Selection is Crucial for Engineering Design Process?

Material selection lies at the crux of the engineering design process. The need to elevate (both structural and nonstructural) attributes of a material, has lead to the evolution of engineering materials.

Design engineers carry out a series of tests and material analysis both, physical and virtual using 3D solid modeling and simulation in CAD, to identify best material alternative. A virtual test by simulation of 3D prototype of the actual design will evaluate the material suitability and design features for the intended operational conditions on the component.

Factors that should be considered before selecting a material for engineering include:

Engineering Design Process
Importance of Material Selection in Engineering Design Process

Some Mechanical Material Attributes that Matter Include:

Design engineers employ different approaches for material selection like, carrying out a class based selection for design requirements and then narrowing down the search to one variation that best suits the design. Another approach to material selection is finalizing the manufacturing process first and then choosing a material that can comply with the selected process and also justify the design requirements.

Material selection is of utmost importance in designing a product; engineers face this challenge while designing a new product.

Besides, if a design under performs, then in this case, design engineers might look for material alternatives to improve the performance of the product.

Selection of a material for an engineering design depends on:

Why is material selection important?

Ideal material choice for your design gives you a competitive edge by affecting and invariably improving the factors such as function, mechanical properties, quality, manufacturability, endurance and performance, environmental impact and the cost of your mechanical product/component design.

Gaurang Trivedi

About Author: is engineering consultant at TrueCADD. Besides, donning multiple hats, as a website manager and marketing in charge, he also oversees the editorial content, coordinating and managing the website, its news sections, blogs and social media promotions as well.

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